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At its height it was one of the most popular sites in the United States. Once one of the largest internet companies, Yahoo! Japan , which were transferred to Yahoo's successor company Altaba. Directory , provided for users to surf through the Internet, became their first product and the company's original purpose. The term "oracle" was intended to mean "source of truth and wisdom", and the term "officious", rather than being related to the word's normal meaning, described the many office workers who would use the Yahoo database while surfing from work.
Yahoo grew rapidly throughout the s. Like many search engines and web directories, Yahoo added a web portal. By , Yahoo was the most popular starting point for web users,  and the human-edited Yahoo Directory the most popular search engine.
Yahoo began using Google for search in Over the next four years, it developed its own search technologies, which it began using in In response to Google's Gmail, Yahoo began to offer unlimited email storage in The company struggled through , with several large layoffs.
In early , after the appointment of Scott Thompson as CEO, rumors began to spread about looming layoffs.
He also completely reorganized the company. On May 13, , Yahoo issued a press release stating that Thompson was no longer with the company, and would immediately be replaced on an interim basis by Ross Levinsohn ,  recently appointed head of Yahoo's new Media group. The announcement reportedly signified a changing trend in the technology industry, as large corporations like Yahoo, Facebook, and Google acquired start-up Internet companies that generated low amounts of revenue as a way in which to connect with sizeable, fast-growing online communities.
The Wall Street Journal stated that the purchase of Tumblr would satisfy Yahoo's need for "a thriving social-networking and communications hub. On August 2, , Yahoo acquired Rockmelt ; its staff was retained, but all of its existing products were terminated. Data collated by comScore during July revealed that more people in the U. On December 12, , Yahoo! On November 21, , it was announced that Yahoo had acquired Cooliris. Japan ;   following the completion of the acquisition, these assets will be retained under the name Altaba, with a new executive team.
On September 22, , Yahoo disclosed a data breach that occurred in late , in which information associated with at least million user accounts,   one of the largest breaches reported to date. In a press release from October 3, , Oath Inc. On the United States Securities and Exchange Commission 's website, they listed the new company as a "non-diversified, closed-end management investment company.
The former Yahoo Inc. Yahoo operated a portal that provides the latest news, entertainment, and sports information. The portal also gave users access to other Yahoo services like Yahoo! As of May , its e-mail service would offer unlimited storage.
Yahoo Photos was closed on September 20, , in favor of Flickr. Answers and Yahoo Games to provide news and related content. Yahoo provides a personalization service, My Yahoo , which enables users to combine their favorite Yahoo features, content feeds and information onto a single page. On March 31, , Yahoo launched Shine, a site tailored for women seeking online information and advice between the ages of 25 and Yahoo Mobile offers services for email, instant messaging, and mobile blogging , as well as information services, searches and alerts.
Services for the camera phone include entertainment and ring tones. Yahoo introduced its Internet search system, called OneSearch, for mobile phones on March 20, The results include news headlines, images from Flickr, business listings, local weather and links to other sites. Instead of showing only, for example, popular movies or some critical reviews, OneSearch lists local theaters that at the moment are playing the movie, along with user ratings and news headlines regarding the movie.
A zip code or city name is required for OneSearch to start delivering local search results. The results of a Web search are listed on a single page and are prioritized into categories. As of , Yahoo used Novarra 's mobile content transcoding service for OneSearch. On October 8, , Yahoo announced plans to bring video chat to mobile phones via Yahoo Messenger. Yahoo offers shopping services such as Yahoo!
Shopping, Yahoo Autos, Yahoo Real Estate and Yahoo Travel , which enables users to gather relevant information and make commercial transactions and purchases online. Yahoo Auctions were discontinued in except for Asia. Yahoo provides business services such as DomainKeys , Yahoo Merchant Solutions, Yahoo Business Email and Yahoo Store to small business owners and professionals allowing them to build their own online stores using Yahoo's tools.
Following the closure of a "beta" version on April 30, , the Yahoo Publisher Network was relaunched as an advertising tool that allows online publishers to monetize their websites through the use of site-relevant advertisements. Yahoo launched its new Internet advertisement sales system in the fourth quarter of , called Panama. The system considers bids, ad quality, clickthrough rates and other factors in ranking ads.
Through Panama, Yahoo aims to provide more relevant search results to users, a better overall experience, and to increase monetization. In July , Yahoo agrees to use Microsoft as exclusive technology provider for its search services, and Microsoft will provide contextual advertising to Yahoo!
Yahoo Next was an incubation ground for future Yahoo technologies currently undergoing testing. It contained forums for Yahoo users to give feedback to assist in the development of these future Yahoo technologies. Yahoo Search BOSS is a service that allows developers to build search applications based on Yahoo's search technology. The price, as Yahoo explained, depends on whether the query is of web, image, news or other information.
Yahoo Meme was a beta social service, similar to the popular social networking sites Twitter and Jaiku. Connect enables individuals to leave comments in online publication boards by using their Yahoo ID, instead of having to register with individual publications. Yahoo has invested resources to increase and improve access to the Internet for the disabled community through the Yahoo Accessibility Lab. Yahoo Axis is a desktop web browser extension and mobile browser for iOS devices created and developed by Yahoo.
The browser made its public debut on May 23, Yahoo SearchMonkey often misspelled Search Monkey was a Yahoo service which allowed developers and site owners to use structured data to make Yahoo Search results more useful and visually appealing, and drive more relevant traffic to their sites. The service was shut down in October along with other Yahoo services as part of the Microsoft and Yahoo search deal.
The name SearchMonkey is an homage to Greasemonkey. Officially the product name has no space and two capital letters. Geocities was a popular web hosting service founded in and was one of the first services to offer web pages to the public. At one point it was the third-most-browsed site on the World Wide Web. Yahoo Go , a Java-based phone application with access to most of Yahoo services, was closed on January 12, Yahoo Photos was shut down on September 20, , in favor of integration with Flickr.
Yahoo Tech was a website that provided product information and setup advice to users. Yahoo launched the website in May On March 11, , Yahoo closed down the service and redirected users to Yahoo's technology news section.
Hotjobs was acquired by and merged with Monster. Yahoo Koprol was an Indonesian geo-tagging website that allowed users to share information about locations without the use of a GPS device.
Koprol was acquired by Yahoo  a year following its inception and, in , 1. However, eighty percent of users were Indonesian. Yahoo Mail Classic was announced as to be shut down in April Yahoo made a notice that, starting in June , Mail Classic and other old versions of Yahoo Mail will be shut down.
In early July Yahoo announced the scheduled closure of the task management service Astrid. Yahoo had acquired the company in May and was to discontinue the service on August 5, The team at Astrid has supplied its customers with a data export tool and recommended former competitors such as Wunderlist and Sandglaz. The slide was visible during an employee-only strategy webcast indicating changes in Yahoo's offerings.
The following services were in a column under "Sunset": Under the "Merge" column were: For example, in January , Notepad was no longer linked within the new Yahoo mail service, although it continued to be linked in the older Classic version. Also, starting in mid- to late January , Notepad was no longer searchable.
The blog on the del. Yeh further explained that other possibilities—including del. Speaking for our team, we were very disappointed by the way that this appeared in the press. Yahoo Buzz was closed down on April 21, without an official announcement from Yahoo.
In September , Yahoo's transparency report said the company received 29 thousand requests for information about users from governments in the first six months of Over 12 thousand of the requests came from the United States. National Security Agency intercepted communications between Yahoo's data centers, as part of a program named Muscular.
In late January , Yahoo announced on its company blog that it had detected a "coordinated effort" to hack into possibly millions of Yahoo Mail accounts. The company prompted users to reset their passwords, but did not elaborate on the scope of the possible breach, citing an ongoing federal investigation. In August , Researchers at Malwarebytes , notified Yahoo about its users getting hacked because of vulnerabilities in Flash.
According to them the vulnerability could allow attackers to install "ransomware" on users' computers and lock their files till the customers pay the criminals. Working with comScore, The New York Times found that Yahoo was able to collect far more data about users than its competitors from its Web sites and advertising network.
By one measure, on average Yahoo had the potential in December to build a profile of 2, records per month about each of its visitors. However, in response to European regulators, Yahoo obfuscates the IP address of users after three months by deleting its last eight bits. On March 29, , Yahoo announced that it would introduce a " Do Not Track " feature that summer, allowing users to opt out of Web-visit tracking and customized advertisements. According to a article in Computerworld , Yahoo has a 2-petabyte, specially built data warehouse that it uses to analyze the behavior of its half-billion Web visitors per month, processing 24 billion daily events.
On September , it was reported that data from at least million Yahoo accounts was stolen in In October , Reuters reported that in , Yahoo! In , Yahoo was taken to court in France by parties seeking to prevent French citizens from purchasing memorabilia relating to the Nazi Party.
Yahoo, as well as other search engines, cooperated with the Chinese government in censoring search results. In April , dissident Shi Tao was sentenced to 10 years in prison for "providing state secrets to foreign entities"  as a result of being identified by IP address by Yahoo. In April , Yahoo was sued for failing to uphold settlement agreements in this case.
Yahoo pledged to give support to the families of those arrested and create a relief fund for those persecuted for expressing their views online with Yahoo Human Rights Trust. In September , dissident Wang Xiaoning was convicted of charges of "incitement to subvert state power" and was sentenced to ten years in prison. Yahoo Hong Kong connected Wang's group to a specific Yahoo e-mail address.
As a result of media scrutiny relating to Internet child predators and a lack of significant ad revenues, Yahoo's "user created" chatrooms were closed down in June The company banned the sale of shark fin products on all its e-commerce platforms effective January 1, On November 30, , Yahoo was criticized by the Electronic Frontier Foundation for sending a DMCA notice to whistle-blower website "Cryptome" for publicly posting details, prices, and procedures on obtaining private information pertaining to Yahoo's subscribers.
After some concerns over censorship of private emails regarding a website affiliated with Occupy Wall Street protests were raised,   Yahoo responded with an apology and explained it as an accident. Yahoo is listed in the Paradise Papers , a set of confidential electronic documents relating to offshore investment that were leaked to the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung.
Scott Ard, a prominent editorial director, fired from Yahoo in has filed a lawsuit accusing Mayer of leading a sexist campaign to purge male employees. Ard, a male employee, stated "Mayer encouraged and fostered the use of an employee performance-rating system to accommodate management's subjective biases and personal opinions, to the detriment of Yahoo's male employees".
In the suit Ard claimed prior to his firing, he had received "fully satisfactory" performance reviews since starting at the company in as head of editorial programming for Yahoo's home page, however, he was relieved of his role that was given to a woman who had been recently hired by Megan Lieberman, the editor-in-chief of Yahoo News. Ard had already provided that very information as requested, however, and reminded Liberman that he had done so.
Liberman's excuse for terminating Ard was a pretext. A second sexual discrimination lawsuit was filed separately by Gregory Anderson, who was fired in , alleging the company's performance management system was arbitrary and unfair, making it the second sexism lawsuit Yahoo and Mayer has faced in Former chief operating officer Henrique de Castro departed from the company in January after Mayer, who initially hired him after her appointment as CEO, dismissed him.
Yahoo offers a multi-lingual interface. The site is available in over 20 languages. The official directory for all of the Yahoo International sites is world. The company's international sites are wholly owned by Yahoo, with the exception of its Japan and China sites. Yahoo holds a Japan , while SoftBank holds Xtra in New Zealand, which Yahoo! Yahoo in the USA does not have direct control over Alibaba, which operates as a completely independent company. On March 8, Yahoo launched its Romania local service after years of delay due to the financial crisis.
Yahoo officially entered the MENA region when it acquired Maktoob , a pan-regional, Arabic-language hosting and social services online portal, on August 25, On December 31, , Yahoo! Korea shut down all its services and left the country, with its previous domain saying in Korean, "Starting from December 31, , Yahoo!
You can go to the original Yahoo! On September 2, , Yahoo! China shut down and was redirected to taobao. Was sagen die Bibliothekare dazu? Les ax-libris d'Albert Hinter: Bibliographie der Drucke Hans Hagers: Bei den Schweizer Bibliophilen: Jahresfeier in Bern am Die Bibliothek Napoleons I. Back Zoom Table of contents Detailed information. Back to the volume index Close.
Internationale Buchkunstausstellung in Paris. Aufruf für die Schrifttypen. Kunstschutz in der Schweiz. Die Bibliothek de Lavallaz in Sitten. Zum Schutz des Schweizer Kunstgutes. One option you could try is Quandl. I successfully used their Wiki Stock db as a backup for the Yahoo historical data api, as well as the primary source for some hard-to-find indices. You might be able to calculate some of the data you require from their free databases.
Call the url with the following parameters: The result is a csv file, which can be handeled in for instance c using this example: Thank you for your interest in this question.
India, Australia, Brazil and Uzbekistan also have a big share in the cotton trade. The term "oracle" was intended to mean "source of truth and wisdom", and the term "officious", rather than being related to the word's normal meaning, described the many office workers who would use the Yahoo database while surfing from work.
In early , after the appointment of Scott Thompson as CEO, rumors began to spread about looming layoffs. Center for American Progress Action Fund.